atrophy

atrophy
I UK [ˈætrəfɪ] / US noun [uncountable] medical
a medical condition in which a part of your body becomes weaker or smaller because you are not using it or because blood is not reaching it

II UK [ˈætrəfɪ] / US verb [intransitive/transitive]
Word forms "atrophy":
present tense I/you/we/they atrophy he/she/it atrophies present participle atrophying past tense atrophied past participle atrophied
1) formal if an organization or practice atrophies or is atrophied, it becomes weaker and less effective
2) medical if a part of your body atrophies or is atrophied, it becomes weaker or smaller because you are not using it or because blood is not reaching it

English dictionary. 2014.

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Synonyms:
(from want of nourishment), , , ,


Look at other dictionaries:

  • atrophy — [a′trə fē] n. [< LL atrophia < Gr, a wasting away < a , not + trephein, to feed: see TROPHIC] a wasting away, esp. of body tissue, an organ, etc., or the failure of an organ or part to grow or develop, as because of insufficient… …   English World dictionary

  • Atrophy — At ro*phy, n. [L. atrophia, Gr. ?; a priv. + ? to nourish: cf. F. atrophie.] A wasting away from lack of nourishment; diminution in bulk or slow emaciation of the body or of any part. Milton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Atrophy — At ro*phy, v. t. [p. p. {Atrophied}.] To cause to waste away or become abortive; to starve or weaken. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Atrophy — At ro*phy, v. i. To waste away; to dwindle. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • atrophy — atrophic /euh trof ik, euh troh fik/, adj. /a treuh fee/, n., v., atrophied, atrophying. n. 1. Also, atrophia /euh troh fee euh/. Pathol. a wasting away of the body or of an organ or part, as from defective nutrition or nerve damage. 2.… …   Universalium

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  • Atrophy — Wasting away or diminution. Muscle atrophy is wasting of muscle, decrease in muscle mass. A nerve can also show atrophy. For example, atrophy of the optic nerve diminishes vision. * * * A wasting of tissues, organs, or the entire body, as from… …   Medical dictionary

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